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Verb | Action verbs

Here we are going to discuss Verb (specially action verbs)...

A part of speech is any single word in a sentence. [বাক্যে ব্যবহৃত যেকোনো শব্দই হল পদ (parts of speech)]
The parts of speech can be divided into eight parts:-
(Parts of speech কে আট ভাগে বিভক্ত করা যায়।) যথা:
  1. Noun,
  2. Pronoun,
  3. Adjective,
  4. Verb,
  5. Adverb,
  6. Preposition,
  7. Conjunction,
  8. Interjection.

Verb (ক্রিয়া পদ)

In a sentence, verbs are those words, which denote any activities, or state of being. A sentence must contain a verb, without a verb, a complete thought can’t be conveyed properly.
[Verb হল একটি বাক্যের সেই সব শব্দ, যাদের দ্বারা কোনো কাজ করা বা কিছু হওয়া বা থাকা বোঝায়। ইংরেজিতে যেকোনো বাক্যে একটি verb অবশ্যই থাকবে, verb ছাড়া sentence অর্থহীন হয়ে দাঁড়ায়।]

Classifications (প্রকারভেদ) :-
Verbs are mainly classified as –
1. Main Verb amd Helping verb.
Main verb is also known as Action verb.
A helping verb is used to modify the main verb according to number, person and tense. Helping verbs may be classified as -

Action Verbs 




Action verbs are those verbs in a sentence, which denotes any physical or mental activity.
[Action verbs হল বাক্যের সেই সব verbs যাদের দ্বারা কোনো শারীরিক বা মানসিক কাজকে বোঝানো হয়।]
Like —
 Do (করা), Go (যাওয়া), see (দেখা), look (দেখা), watch (দেখা), eat (খাওয়া), sing (গাওয়া), dance (নাচ করা) etc.

Use-
eat. (আমি খাই)
We eat (আমরা খাই)
You eat (তুমি/তোমরা খাও)
They eat (তারা খায়)

If the subject is a third person singular number, we have to put an -s or -es or -ies etc. After the present form of action verbs.
He/ She eats. (সে খায়)
Vivek eats. (বিবেক খায়)

The rules to add -s, -es or -ies are the same to what we learnt during discussing Numbers (singular & plural). So, please check that out again...

Each action verb has three forms— present, past and past participle.
For example, eat is its present form, It has another two forms past and past participle. The past form of eat is ate and the past participle is eaten.
Usage--
eat rice.
ate rice.
I have eaten rice.
 [প্রতিটি action verb-এর তিনটি করে form আছে— Present, past ও past participle.
উদাহরণ হিসেবে বলা যায়, eat হল তার নিজের present form, eat -এর past এবং past participle form হল যথাক্রমে ate (এট) ও eaten (ঈটেন)
Usage-
eat rice. (আমি ভাত খাই।)
ate rice. (আমি ভাত খেলাম/খেয়েছিলাম।)
I have eaten rice. (আমি ভাত খেয়েছি।)
Action Verbsবাংলা অর্থ Usage-1 Usage-2 (Subject=3rd person singular number.)
Do                                 
করা                             
We do                        
He does
Sit
বসা
I sit
She sits
Give
 দেওয়া
We give
He gives                
Go
যাওয়া 
They go
Ravi goes                    
Come
আসা
You come.                     
He comes.
Stand
দাঁড়ানো
I stand.
He stands    
Run
দৌড়ানো
They run
Bimal runs.
Take
নেওয়া 
We take
He takes.
Keep
রাখা
You keep.
Raam keeps.
Put
বসানো/লেখা
Joy and Ajit put.
She puts.
Buy
কেনা
We buy.
He buys.
Sell
বিক্রি করা
The shopkeepers sell.
Amina sells.
Bring
নিয়ে আসা
We bring.
He brings.
Sing
গাওয়া
They sing.
His sister sings.
Dance
নাচ করা
We dance.
She dances.
Cook
রান্না করা
You cook.
His mother cooks.
Play
খেলা
We play.
Sita plays.
Eat
খাওয়া 
We eat.
He eats.
Sleep
ঘুমোনো
You sleep.
He sleeps.
Make
তৈরী করা
They make.
He makes.
Send
পাঠানো 
You send.
Neeta sends.
Open
খোলা 
We open.
Joy opens.
Read
পড়া
We read.
He reads.
Write
লেখা
Rita and Geeta write.
Bijoy writes.
Work
কাজ করা
We work.
He works.
shut বন্ধ করাthey shut He shuts.
Gainলাভ করাWe gainShe gains.
Beginশুরু করাYou begin.Amal begins.
Riseওঠা/জাগ্রত হওয়া We rise.He rises.
Liveবাস করাWe live.He lives.
DieমরাWe dieLalit dies.


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1.Can (পারা):Can-এর ব্যবহার:

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(নৃত্য করা)DancedDancedDancesDancingAct
(অভিনয় করা)ActedActedActsActingOpen
(খোলা)OpenedOpenedOpensOpeningLove
(ভালোবাসা)LovedLovedLovesLovingLock
(বন্ধ করা)LockedLockedLocksLockingSpot
(চিহ্নিত করা)SpottedSpottedSpotsSpottingLaugh