Active and Passive Voice Examples with Answer (Advanced Level)

The readers of this blog probably know the basic and advanced level rules to change the voice of a sentence. Here are some advanced level examples of how to change the voice.

Change the Voice Examples from Active to Passive (Advanced Level)


Change the voice of a sentence having Auxiliary verbs + have


Active – You will have submitted the assignment.
Passive – The assignment will have been submitted by you.

Active – I Would have told her everything.
Passive – Everything would have been told to her by me. She would have been told everything by me.

Active – We shall have done it within three days.
Passive – It will have been done within three days (by us).

Active – She might have posted the letter.
Passive – The letter might have been posted by her.

Active – Kamla must have taken breakfast.
Passive – Breakfast must have been taken by Kamla.

Active – He ought to have checked it.
Passive – It ought to have been checked by him.

Read more: Different verb forms.



How to change the voice of an infinitive:


Type I:

Active – We have to finish the work.
Passive –  The work has to be finished by us.

Active – Bartley had to sell the goats.
Passive – The goats had to be sold by Bartley.

Active – I am to play cricket.
Passive – Cricket is to be played by me.

Active – We are to inform the police.
Passive – The police are to be informed by us. [Here ‘The police’ is plural.]

Active – The police are to catch the criminal.
Passive –  The criminal is to be caught (by the police).
“by the police” is no more necessary in this line, as, a criminal is caught usually by police.

Active – He is to send the mail.
Passive – The mail is to be sent by him.

Active – They were to replace the old man.
Passive – The old man was to be replaced by them.

Active – I was not to mention the mistakes.
Passive – The were are not to be mentioned by me.



Type II:

Active – There is nothing to do.
Passive – There is nothing to be done.

Active – There is something to achieve.
Passive – There is something to be achieved.

Active – There is no time to waste.
Passive – There is no time to be wasted.

Active – There is something to feel.
Passive – There is something to be felt.

Active – There is nothing to lose.
Passive – There is nothing to be lost.

Active – Is there anything to fulfil?
Passive – Is there anything to be fulfilled?

Active – Is there nothing to achieve?
Passive – Is there nothing to be achieved?


Type III:

Active – It is time to read books.
Passive – It us time for books to be read.

Active – It is time to play a music.
Passive – It is time for a music to be played.

Active – It is time to write an article.
Passive – It is time for an article to be written.

Active – It is not a time to play chess.
Passive – It is not a time for chess to be played.

Active – It is not a time to sing songs.
Passive – It is not a time for songs to be sung.

Active – Is it a time to read comics?
Passive – Is it a time for comics to be read?

Active – Is it a time to take a shower?
Passive – Is it a time for a shower to be taken?

Active – Isn’t it a time to teach these boys?
Passive – Isn’t it a time for these boys to be taught?

Active – Isn’t it a time to open the gate?
Passive – Isn’t it a time for the gate to be opened?


Type IV:

Active – I want Jack to write a letter.
Passive – I want a letter to be written by Jack.

Active – I want anyone to do it immediately.
Passive – I want it to be done immediately (by anyone).

Active – We need a skilled player to defeat them.
Passive – We need them to be defeated by a skilled player.

Active – I don't want any outsider to solve the our family problems.
Passive – I don’t want our family problems to be solved by any outsider.

Active – He doesn’t want her to attend the meeting.
Passive – He doesn’t want the meeting to be attended by her.

Active – Do we need her to draw a picture?
Passive – Do we need a picture to be drawn by her?

Active – Do they want me to leave this project?
Passive – Do they want this project to be left by me?

Active – Doesn’t he want you to lift the weights?
Passive – Doesn’t he want the weights to be lifted by you?

Active – Don’t you need him to complete your homework?
Passive – Don’t you need your homework to be completed by him?


Type V

Active – We like people to praise us.
Passive – We like to be praised (by people).

Active – I don't like others to advise me.
Passive – I don’t like to be advised by others.

Active – He wants people to know him.
Passive – He wants to be known (to people).

Active – Do they want someone to assist them?
Passive – Do they want to be assisted?

Active – Don’t you like others to admire you?
Passive – Don’t you like to be admired?


How to change the voice of a sentence starting with ‘Let’:


Active – Let me share my views. (Indirect object- ‘me’, direct object – ‘my views’).
Passive – Let my views be shared (by me).

Active – Let her draw a portrait. (Indirect object- ‘her’, direct object- ‘a portrait’).
Passive – Let a portrait be drawn by her.

Active – Let him narrate the incident.
Passive – Let the incident be narrated by him.

Active – Let Peter join us.
Passive – Let us be joined by Peter.

Active – Let us not discuss it in this happy moment.
Passive – Let it not be discussed in this happy moment.



If there is no direct object in the active voice, then —


Active – Let us go.
Passive – It is suggested that we should.

Active – Let us swim.
Passive – It is suggested that we should swim.

Active – Let us walk.
Passive – It is suggested that we should walk.

Active – Let us sow some seeds.
Passive – It is suggested that we should sow some seeds.

Active – Let us sleep.
Passive – It is suggested that we should sleep.

Active –  Let us play together.
Passive – It is suggested that we should play together.


How to change the voice of a sentence having preposition.


The portion of ‘preposition + others’ can also be placed before ‘by’.


Type I

Active – I bought a pen for my sister.
Passive – A pen was bought by me for my sister. Or, A pen was bought for my sister by me.

Active – We told him to read books.
Passive – He was told to read books.

Active – He sings songs to entertain people.
Passive – Songs are sung by him to entertain people. / Songs are sung to entertain people by him.

Active – People earn money to feed their children.
Passive – Money is earned by people to feed their children.

Active – He does not play football to earn money.
Passive – Football is not played by him to earn money. / Football is not played to earn money by him.

Active – We don’t teach our students within a boundary.
Passive – Our students are not taught within a boundary by us.

Active – The publishing house did not publish book in the U.K.
Passive – The book was not published in the U.K.

Active – She had not called him to repair the T.V.
Passive – He had not been called to repair the T.V. by her. / He had not been called by her to repair the T.V.

Active – I am polishing the shoes for the party.
Passive – The shoes are being polished for the party by me. / The shoes are being polished by me for the party.

Active – Do you take tea in the morning?
Passive – Is tea taken by you in the morning? / Is tea taken in the morning by you?

Active – Are you wasting time in videogames?
Passive – Is time being wasted by you in videogames? / Is time being wasted in videogames by you?


Type II

When there is a definite preposition with a verb.

Active – We go to school.
Passive – School is gone to by us.

Active – They come to our house.
Passive – Our house is come to by them.

Active – She laughs at me.
Passive – I am laughed at by her.

Active – She ran at him.
Passive – He was run at by her.

Active – She doesn’t look at me.
Passive – I am not looked at by her.

Active – They arrived at the stoppage at 10 o’clock.
Passive – The stoppage was arrived at by them at 10 o’clock./ The stoppage was arrived at 10 o’clock by them.

Active – We should not look down upon the poor.
Passive – The poor should not be looked down upon.

Active – Is he knocking at the door?
Passive – Is the door being knocked at by him?

Active – Did she aim at the final board exam?
Passive – Was the final board exam aimed at by her?

Active – Will not you put on a t-shirt?
Passive – Will not a t-shirt be put on by you?

Active – My sister takes care of the plants. (Here ‘care’ is a noun)
Passive – The plants are taken care of by my sister.

Some definite prepositions:
Laugh at, aim at, arrive at, surprise at, look for, search for, go to, come to, please with, acquaint with, supply with, cope with, sympathize with, prefer to, put down.



How to change the voice of a sentence having a Direct Object and an Indirect Object:


Active – I gave him a book.
Passive – He was given a book by me. Or, A book was given to him by me.

Active – I have sent you a note.
Passive – You have been sent a note (by me). / A note have been sent to you (by me).

Active – John doesn’t give me the bag.
Passive – I am not given the bag by John. / The bag is not given to me by John.

Active – Martin handed me a paper.
Passive – I was handed a paper by Martin. / A paper was handed to me by Martin.

Active – She did not bought him a t-shirt.
Passive – He was not bought a t-shirt by her. / A t-shirt was not bought for him by her.

Active – Will they give you their books?
Passive – Will you be given their books? / Will their books be given to you (by them)?

Active – Did you tell Rabi the story?
Passive – Was Rabi told the story by you? Or, Is the story told to Rabi by you?



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