Framing Questions: How to Frame WH Questions and Yes-No Questions


How to frame questions- Yes-No and WH


You probably know how to make sentence, that means we know writing answers

But do you know how to frame a question?
It is also necessary to learn how to frame a question so that it becomes easier to answer any question.

Framing question is actually framing an Interrogative sentence. So here we are going to discuss the structure, use and examples of an Interrogative sentence.

How many types of question are there?

There can be two types of questions:
  • Yes-No question and
  • WH Question.
How to frame questions- Yes-No amd WH



Start with Yes-No Questions

How to Frame Yes-No Questions


You know that an assertive sentence is formed as -
Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb + object.
E g.- She is playing chess.

While a Yes-no question is formed as -
Auxiliary verb + subject + main verb + object + ?
E.g.- Is she playing chess?

Here you can see that the word order is changed.

See the difference between word orders of an assertive sentence and a yes no question.

How to Frame WH Questions and Yes-No Questions

Assertive SentenceYes-No Question
Subject + auxiliary verb.Auxiliary verb + subject ...?
I am.Am I ...?
We are / You are.Are we / Are you ... ?
She is / He is / it is.Is she / Is he / Is it ... ?
She was / He was / it was.was she / was he / was it ... ?
We were / You were / they wereWere we / Were you / Were they l ... ?
I shall / We shall.Shall I / Shall we ... ?
You will / He will / She will / They will. Will you / Will he / Will she / Will they ... ?
I have / We have.Have I / Have we ... ?
He has / She has.Has he / Has she ... ?
I had / We had.Had I / Had we ... ?
I can / You can / He can / She can / They can. Can I / Can you / Can he / Can she / Can they ... ?


The questions which can be answered either with yes or with no.
Questions like
Do you play football?
• Have you written the letter?
• Can you give me a glass of water?
• Will you do it for me?
can be answered with either yes or no. As—

Q. Do you play football?
A. Yes, I do. Or, No, I don’t play football.

Q. Can you give me a glass of water?
A. Yes, of course.

How to Frame Yes-No Questions? 

Structures:

● An assertive sentence starts with a subject and then comes an auxiliary (helping) verb - (subject + auxiliary verb)
Like,
  I am a student.

Whereas, in case of Yes-No question the word order us altered. It starts with the auxiliary verb and then comes the subject - (auxiliary verb + subject)
Like,
  Am I a student?



So, what did you get?
To form a yes-no question, simply place the auxiliary verb before the subject.

=> Auxiliary verb + subject + verb (base form) + object + ?

Example:
Q. Do you see a tiger coming?
A. Yes I do. / No, I don't see.

Q. Can you score three goals?
A. Yes we can. / No we can not.



See more: 7 Best STUDY LAMPS under rs.1000/- (Review).


Framing Yes-No questions tense wise –

Frame Yes-No Questions of Present Indefinite Tense: 


Assertive SentenceYes-No Question
Subject + main verb + object.Auxiliary verb + subject + main verb + object +?
I play cricket.???

See no auxiliary verb is there i the assertive sentence.  
How will you frame a question of this tense?

Well,
You have to put a Do or Does at the beginning to make it a question. 
Use Does with a 3rd person singular number, else use Do.
As -

Assertive SentenceYes-No Question
I play cricket.Do I play cricket?
She plays cricket.Does she play cricket?

Remember, when you put a 'Does', don't intend to add '-s' or '-es' to the main verb.

Structure:
Do/Does + subject + verb (base form) + object + others.

Other examples -
Do I write a letter?
Do we need permissions from the authority?
Does it work properly?
Does he write a letter?




Use a 'not' after do/does to make a negative of the interrogative.

E.g.-
Do not I write a letter?
Does not he write a letter?
Do not they gamble?



Frame Yes-No Questions of Present Continuous Tense:

Structure:
Be verb + subject + (main verb +ing) + object.

E.g.-
Are you reading the news paper?
Am I bothering you?

For negative use a not after the be verb or after the subject as- 
Be verb + not + subject + (main verb +ing) + object.


E.g.-
Is not she reading the news paper?
Aren't you getting my point?
Is David not fighting with Dean?



Frame Yes-No Questions of Present perfect tense: 

Structure:
Has/Have + subject + third form of the main verb + object + others.

Ex-
Has Alexa said the words?
Have you seen her before?
Has she opened the window?

Use a not just after the have verb (have/has).

Has/Have + not + Subject + third form of the main verb + object + others.
Ex- 
Has not Alexa said that words.
Hasn't she submitted the project in time?


Frame Yes-No Questions of Present Oerfect Continuous Tense:

The have/has is placed at the beginning of the sentence.

Ex-
 Has he been living there for three months?
Have you been taking tea since last Monday?

Use a not after Has/Have to make it negative.

Ex-
Have not you been living there for three months?
Has not John been talking since 5 o’clock?
Have not you been cheating me for three years?


Framing Yes-No Questions of Past indefinite tense: 

Structure:
Did + subject + verb (base form) + object + others.

E.g.-
Did I write a letter?
Did we need permissions from the authority?
Did it work properly?
Did he scold you?


Use a 'not' after did to make a negative of the interrogative.

E.g.-
Did not I inform you about the incident?
Did not he write a letter?
Did not they gamble?



Frame Yes-No Questions of Past Continuous Tense:

Structure:
Be verb (Was/Were) + subject + (main verb +ing) + object.

E.g.-
Were you reading the news paper?
Was I bothering you?

For negative use a not after the be verb or after the subject as- 

Be verb + not + subject + (main verb +ing) + object.
Or,
Be verb  + subject + not + (main verb +ing) + object.


E.g.-
Was not she reading the news paper?
Weren't you getting my point?
Was David not fighting with Dean?



Frame Yes-No Questions of Past perfect tense: 

Structure:
Had + subject + third form of the main verb + object + others.

E.g.-
Had Alexa said these words?
Had you seen her before?
Had she opened the window?

Use a not just after the have verb (had).

Had + not + Subject + third form of the main verb + object + others.
Ex- 
Had not Alexa said that words.
Hadn't she submitted her document yet?


Frame Yes-No Questions of Past perfect continuous tense:

The had is placed at the beginning of the sentence.

Ex-
Had he been living there for three months?
Had you been taking tea since last Monday?

Use a not after had to make it negative.

Ex-
Had not you been living there for three months?
Had not John been talking since 5 o’clock?
Had not you been cheating me for three years?





Frame Yes-No Questions of Future indefinite tense: 

Structure:
Shall/Will + subject + verb (base form) + object + others.

In case the subject is I or We, use 'Shall' before it, otherwise, use 'Will'.

E.g.-
Shall I write a letter?
Shall we need permissions from the authority?
Will it work properly?
Will he inform me about the incident?


Use a 'not' after Shall/Will to make a negative of the interrogative.

E.g.-
Shall not we visit there?
Will not he write a letter?
Will not they gamble?



Frame Yes-No Questions of Future Progressive Tense:

Structure:
Shall/Will + subject + be + (main verb +ing) + object.

E.g.-
Are you reading the news paper?
Am I bothering you?

For negative use a not after the be verb or after the subject as- 
Be verb + not + subject + (main verb +ing) + object.


E.g.-
Will not she reading the news paper?
Will not you getting my point?
Will David not fighting with Dean?



Frame Yes-No Questions of Future perfect tense: 

Structure:
Shall/Will + subject + have + third form of the main verb + object + others.

Ex-
Will you have eaten the food by 8 p.m.?
Will John have seen her before sunday?
Will she have finished all her works before the end of the day?


Don't be confused seeing every 'have' I used here even after a third person singular number. Here only 'shall' or 'will' determines the tense. So the have verb is used here as its base form 'have'.


Use a not just after the have verb (have/has).

Shall/Will + not + Subject + have + third form of the main verb + object + others.
E.g.- 
Has not Alexa said that words.
Hasn't she submitted the project in time?




How to Frame WH Questions

At first we have to remember some wh words like what, who, whom, why, how, where etc. They are also known as Interrogative pronouns.
 
The answer of a WH question is a complete sentence and not a yes or a no.

E.g.-
If any one asks you - What is your name?”, you cannot answer the question with only 'yes' or 'no', rather a complete sentence is required to answer it. As—

Q. What is your name?
A. My name is Polash.

Similarly, 
Q. When do you read story-books?
A. I read story books in my leisure time.


Now you need to know the wh words and their uses. As follows -

Wh words may be used as -  (a) the subject, or (b) the object, or (c) an adjective/adverb in a sentence.

Some WH Words and Their Uses-

 Who – 

Who is used in a question to ask something about a person or persons. Who is mainly used as the subject.
E.g. -
Who is your English teacher?
Who has broken the glass?
Who will bell the cat?


 What – 

It is used to ask about a thing or things.
E.g.-
What does he do?
What is your name?


 Which – 

It is used in a question to ask about anything out if many others.
E.g.-
Which is his favourite book?
Which cycle is yours?
Which thing delights her the most?


 Whose – 

It is used in a question to ask about relationship, the owner of any object or animal.
E.g.-
Whose book has been lost?
Whose cycle is this?
Whose brother is he?


 When – 

It is used in a question to ask about time.
E.g.-
When did he come?
When is your brother visiting the book fair.
When will you give my money back?


 Where – 

It is used in a question to ask about place.
E.g.-
Where does he live?
Where is your uncle going?
Where are you?


 Why – 

It is used in a question to know the reason behind anything.
E.g.-
Why don’t you look at me?
Why did you laugh?
Why are you so upset?


 How – 

It is used in a question to know the way of doing something or to ask about someone's health.
E.g.-
How did you come to know?
How have you solve the problem?
How are you?
How is your father now?


 How much – 

It is used in a question to quantity of an uncountable noun.
E.g.-
How much money does a man need to lead a decent life.
How much water does this tank contain?
How much milk should we drink everyday?


 How many – 

It is used in a question to ask about the quantity of a countable noun.
How many people are required for this project.


How to Frame Questions Using WH Words?


Types of WH-question –


 Type 1:– 

Structure:
Wh word + be verb + subject + ?

For this type, who, what, which, how can be used as the wh words.

Examples:
Who is that girl? 
Who were those boys? 
  • What is your name?
  • Which is your book?
  • Where is my pen?
  • How is your mother?
Here are some affirmative examples and negative examples :

Affirmative Examples Negative Examples
What is your name?
Which is your book?
Where is my pen?
How is your mother?
What is not your name?
Which is not your camera?
Where is your cycle?


 Type 2:– 

Structure:
Wh + helping verb + subject + main verb + ?

Examples:
What does he do?
Whom do you love?
Where did you live in?
Why have you taken the jewelleries?
When did he come here?

Affirmative Examples Negative Examples
What does he eat?
Whom do you love?
Where did you live in?
Why have you taken the jewelleries?
When did he come here?
What does not he eat?
Whom do not you love?
Where did not she live in?
Why haven’t you taken the jewelleries?
When didn’t he come here?



 Type 3:– 

Structure:
Wh word used as subject + verb + object / others /compliment + ?
E.g.-
  • Who did it?
  • Who likes mango?
  • What has made you so lazy?
 
Affirmative Examples Negative Examples
Who did it?
Who plays guitar?
Who play guitar?
What makes you cry?
What happened to you?
Who did not do it?
Who does not play guitar?
Who do not play guitar?
What doesn’t make you cry?
What didn’t happen to you?



How to Frame questions tense wise using WH:


Present indefinite tense: 

Statement – He plays cricket in the afternoon.
Question – Who plays cricket in the afternoon?
Question – What does he play in the afternoon?
Question – When does he play cricket?
Question – What does he do in the afternoon?


Present continuous tense: 

Statement – He is playing cricket in the afternoon.
Question – Who is playing cricket in the afternoon?
Question – What is he playing in the afternoon?
Question – When is he playing cricket?
Question – What is he doing in the afternoon?


Present perfect tense: 

Statement – They have taken tea at evening.
Question – Who have taken tea at evening?
Question – What have they taken at evening?
Question – When have they taken tea?
Question – What have they done at evening?


Present perfect continuous tense:

Statement – I have been reading Geography for three hours.
Question – Who have been reading for three hours?
Question – What have I been reading for three hours?
Question – For how much time have I been reading Geography?
Question – What have I been doing for three hours?



Past indefinite tense:

Statement – They took tea at evening.
Question – Who took tea at evening?
Question – What did they take at evening?
Question – When did they take tea?
Question – What did they do at evening?


Past continuous tense:

Statement – He was playing cricket in the afternoon.
Question – Who was playing cricket in the afternoon?
Question – What was he playing in the afternoon?
Question – When was he playing cricket?
Question – What was he doing in the afternoon?


Past perfect tense:

Statement – They had taken tea before the meeting started.
Question – Who had taken tea before the meeting started?
Question – What had they taken before the meeting started?
Question – When had they taken tea?
Question – What had they done before the meeting started?


Past perfect progressive:

Statement – I had been reading Geography for three hours.
Question – Who had been reading for three hours?
Question – What had I been reading for three hours?
Question – For how much time had I been reading Geography?
Question – What had I been doing for three hours?


Future indefinite tense:

Statement – We shall celebrate Independence Day on 15th August.
Question – Who will celebrate Independence Day on 15th August?
Question – What shall we celebrate on 15th August?
Question – On which day shall we celebrate Independence Day?
Question – What shall we do on 15th August?


Future continuous tense:

Statement – He will be playing cricket in the afternoon.
Question – Who will be playing cricket in the afternoon?
Question – What will be he playing in the afternoon?
Question – When will be he playing cricket?
Question – What will be he doing in the afternoon?



I think How to Frame WH Questions and Yes-No Questions is clear to you.


Thank you...

Post a Comment

3 Comments

Leave a comment