Transformation of Sentences | Interchange of Assertive and Exclamatory sentences with Examples

Transformation of Sentences | Interchange of Assertive and Exclamatory sentence


Do you want to master Interchange of Assertive and Exclamatory Sentences

Well.

First you need have a thorough idea of what an assertive sentence and an exclamatory sentence are. 




If you already know assertive and interrogative sentences and eir functions, you can skip to the transformation rules.



Assertive Sentence: 

When you describe or assert something, we use an assertive sentence.

E.g. – 

The sun rises in the east. The sky is blue. Man is mortal etc.


Exclamatory Sentence

And when you are emotional, an expression that you utter to express that emotion, is an exclamatory sentence. 

E.g. – 

when you see your brother’s new-born baby for the first time your expression must be something like “How cute the baby is!” Or,

Or, suppose your friend cannot understand what you tell him hundred times, your expression then may be like "What a stupid fellow you are!"

These sentences are called exclamatory sentences

Now we are going to transform them into assertive sentences. 

Here are some rules -


Rules to Transform Exclamatory Sentences into Assertive Sentences:


 Rule 1: 

Use ‘Very’ :

If an exclamatory sentence starts with What or How and doesn’t have either a subject or an object, remove that what or how and use a ‘very’ to make an assertive sentence.

E.g. –

Exclamatory – What a large tree! [Transform it into assertive.]

We can transform it in 2 simple steps—


Step 1:

Remove ‘What’/ ‘How’ and use a subject – ‘it’ / ‘He’ / She’ and a verb – ‘is’ or ‘was’.

Here we are removing ‘What’ and use ‘It is’.

Assertive – It is...


Step 2

Now write the rest portion and put a ‘very’ before the adjective/adverb removing the exclamation mark (‘!’).

Here the adjective is ‘large’, so, use ‘very’ before ‘large’.

Assertive – It is very large tree.


Other examples –

Exclamatory – How nice!

Assertive – It is very nice.


Exclamatory – What a funny fellow!

Assertive – He is a very funny fellow.


Exclamatory – What a beautiful day!

Assertive – It was a very beautiful day.


Exclamatory – How disgusting!

Assertive – It is very disgusting.


See more: 7 Best table lamps for study under rs.1000 (Review).


Exceptions:–

 #1: 

If the subject and the verb are already given, then we’ll use the same as the subject and the verb of the transformed assertive sentence.

E.g. – 

Exclamatory – What a dangerous man he was! 

In this exclamatory sentence, unlike the previous ones, subject ‘he’ and verb ‘was’ are already mentioned. 

‘he’ is the subject.

‘was’ is the verb.


So, while turning it into an assertive, we’ll use the same ‘he’ as the subject and ‘was’ as the verb.

Assertive – He was a very dangerous man.



 #2: 

An object may also be given. 

E.g. –

Exclamatory – How beautifully she handled it! 

See how the object is used in the assertive –

Assertive – She handled it very beautifully.


Related: Interchange of Assertive and Interrogative sentences.

Read more: Transformation of  Simple and Complex Sentences.


 Rule 2: 

Use adjective + enough :

When there is an How + adjective  + of, use adjective + enough.

E.g. –

Exclamatory – How stupid of you to write this!

Assertive – you are stupid enough to write this.


Exclamatory – How daft of him to tell them everything.

Assertive – He is daft enough to tell them everything.


Related: Transformation of Affirmative and Negative Sentences - 11 easy rules.



 Rule 3: 

Use “I wish”:

If an exclamatory sentence starts with “If I could only” / “O if I could only” / “O that” / “Would that” / “O for”, then replace it with “I wish” or “I desire”.

E.g. –

Exclamatory – If I could only know that before!

Assertive – I wish I could know that before. 


Exclamatory – O if I could only meet him again!

Assertive – I wish I could meet him again.


Exclamatory – O that I were a horse!

Assertive – I wish I were a horse.


Exclamatory – Would that I had not misbehaved with her.

Assertive – I wish I had not misbehaved with her.


Exclamatory – O for a handsome salary.

Assertive – I wish for a handsome salary. Or, I wish I had a handsome salary.


See more: Transformation of  Simple and Complex Sentences



 Rule 4: 

An exclamatory sentence often starts with an exclamatory word (Interjection) or sound such as— “Hurrah!”, “Alas!” “Bravo”, “Fie!” etc.

If we want to change this sort of exclamatory sentences to assertive, we’ll replace the exclamatory word with “It is a matter of + noun* + that.” 

*Now what is this noun? This noun denotes the purpose of that exclamatory word used in the exclamatory sentence. 

For example, write an exclamatory sentence with an exclamatory word (Interjection)—

Exclamatory – Bravo! You have done a great job.

The exclamatory word used here is ‘bravo’, which is used for praise.

So, we’ll write in the assertive – “It is a matter of praise... simple.

So, the transformed assertive sentence is—

Assertive – It is a matter of praise that you have done a great job.

As ‘bravo!’ denotes praise,

Similarly,  

‘Hurrah!’ denotes joy

‘Fie! Fie!’shame/contempt

‘Alas!’ sorrow.


Type 1: “Hurrah!”

In case the exclamatory sentence starts with ‘Hurrah’, replace it with “It is a matter of joy that” or “It is joyful that” to make an assertive sentence. 


Examples:

Exclamatory – Hurrah! We’ve won the tournament.

Assertive – It is a matter of joy that we’ve won the tournament.


Exclamatory – Hurrah! We won the Champions Trophy. 

Assertive – It is a matter of joy that we won the Champions Trophy. 


Exclamatory – Hurrah! We achieved 30 gold medals.

Assertive – It is a joyful that we achieved 30 gold medals.


Exclamatory – Hurrah! We’ve learnt new thing.

Assertive – It is a matter of joy that we’ve learnt new things.


Type 2: “Alas!”

If an exclamatory sentence starts with ‘Alas’, replace it with “It is a matter of sorrow that” or “It is a matter regret that” or “It is extremely sad that” or “It is sad that” of  to make an assertive sentence. 

Examples: 

Exclamatory – Alas! Such a generous man passed away last night.

Assertive – It is a matter of sorrow that such a generous man passed away last night.


Exclamatory – Alas! She failed the exam.

Assertive – It is a matter of regret that, she failed the exam.


Exclamatory – Alas! I couldn't to realise it before.

Assertive – It is extremely sad that I couldn't realise it before. 


Exclamatory – Alas! He is cheated by his friends.

Assertive – It is sad that he cheated by his friends. 



Type 3: “Bravo!”

If a sentence starts with ‘Bravo’ replace it with “It is a matter of praise that” or “It is praiseworthy that” to make an assertive sentence. 

Examples:

Exclamatory – Bravo! That’s a very good idea.

Assertive – It is a matter of praise that that’s a very good idea.


Exclamatory – Bravo! Well done!

Assertive – It is a matter of praise that you have done well.


Exclamatory – Bravo! You saved millions of lives from this dangerous virus.

Assertive – It is praiseworthy that you saved millions of lives from this dangerous virus. 


Exclamatory – Bravo! Only your hard work ushered in a new era theatre.

Assertive – It is a matter of praise that only your hard work ushered in a new era theatre.



Type 4: “Fie”

If an exclamatory sentence starts with ‘Fie!’, replace it with “It is a matter of shame that” to make an assertive sentence. 

Examples:

Exclamatory – Fie! Fie! He abased his family. 

Assertive – It is a matter of shame that he abased his family.


Exclamatory – Fie! Fie! She cheated in the exam.

Assertive – It is a matter of contempt that she cheated in the exam.


Exclamatory – Fie! Fie! You are a briber.

Assertive – It is a matter of shame that you are a briber.


Can you transform the following exclamatory sentences into assertive ones?


Exclamatory – Fie! Fie! You are a suborner.

Assertive – 


Exclamatory – Fie! Fie! He has humiliated his own brother.

Assertive – 


Exclamatory – Fie! Fie! You are a liar.

Assertive – 


Alright. 
Now you know how to change an exclamatory sentence to an assertive one.

Here you have to know the vice versa too.
So,




Now this is the time to learn -

Rules to Transform Assertive Sentences into Exclamatory Sentences:



 Rule 1: 
Remove Very :

If an assertive sentence has ‘very’, and doesn’t have either a subject or an object, remove very and start the sentence with What or How  remove it and use to make an Exclamatory sentence. 

E.g. – 
Assertive – It is a very large tree [Transform it into exclamatory.] 
We can transform it in 2 simple steps—

Step 1:
Remove the subject – ‘it’ / ‘He’ / ‘She’ and the verb – ‘is’ or ‘was’ and use ‘What’/ ‘How’

Here we are removing ‘It is’ and use ‘What’

Exclamatory – What...



Step 2:

Now write the rest portion removing ‘very’ before the adjective/adverb.
And add an exclamation mark (‘!’) at the end.

Here the adjective is ‘large’

Exclamatory – What a large tree!

Assertive Changed to
It is a What a / How a
very ❌ (removed)
object same object (no change)
Full stop (.) Exclamation mark (!)


Other examples –
Assertive Exclamatory
He is a very stupid fellow. What a stupid fellow!
It is very nice. How nice!
It was a very fair night. What a fair night!
It is very disgusting. How disgusting!

Use what where there is a countable noun after very.
Use what where there is a countable noun after very.
 


Exceptions:–

 Exception #1: 

If the subject and the verb are already given, then we’ll use the same as the subject and the verb of the transformed assertive sentence.

E.g. –
Assertive – Her father was a very generous person.
In this assertive sentence, unlike the previous ones, subject ‘her father’ and verb ‘was’ are already mentioned.
‘her father’ is the subject.
‘was’ is the verb.

Okay.
So, the answer is –

Exclamatory – What a generous person her father was!

Other examples: 
Assertive – Reena danced very gracefully. Exclamatory – How gracefully Reena danced!

Assertive – Jonny sings very abominably.
Exclamatory – How abominably John sings!

So, while turning an assertive sentence into an exclamatory, we’ll use the same subject and the same verb.



 Exception #2: 

An object may also be given in the assertive.
 
E.g. –
Assertive – She decorated the room very beautifully.
Object – the room
See how the object is used in the exclamatory –

Exclamatory – How beautifully she decorated the room!
 
Assertive – My brother prunes the plants in the garden very carefully. 
Exclamatory – How carefully my brother prunes the plants in the garden!

Assertive – The new member talked with us very politely.
Exclamatory – How politely the new member talked with us!





 Rule 2: 

Remove adjective + enough :

When there is an adjective + enough, use How + adjective + of + objective case of the subject + to...

E.g. –

Assertive Exclamatory
He is daft enough to tell them everything. How daft of him to tell them everything!
you are stupid enough to write this. How stupid of you to write this!




 Rule 3: 
Remove “I wish”:

If an assertive sentence starts with “I wish” or “I desire”, then replace it with “If I could only” / “O if I could only” / “O that” / “Would that” / “O for”.

E.g. –
Assertive Exclamatory
I wish I could get my childhood back. If I could only get my childhood back!
I wish I could see her again. O if I could only see her again!
I wish I were a bird. O that I were a bird!
I wish I had not rebuke him. Would that I had not rebuke him!
I wish for a high end car. Or, I wish I had a high end car. O for a high end car.!


Some other examples that doesn’t follow a particular rule:


 Rule 4: 
An assertive sentence may start with “It is a matter of + noun* + that.” 

 * This noun denotes the purpose of that exclamatory word used in the exclamatory sentence.

To change this sort of assertive sentences to exclamatory, we’ll use Interjections or sound such as— “Hurrah!”, “Alas!” “Bravo”, “Fie!” etc.

For example,
Assertive – It is a matter of praise that you have done a great job. [Turn it into exclamatory]

As you know beforehand that - 
Interjection used to express a sense of praise is - ‘Bravo!’
Interjection used to express joy is - ‘Hurrah!’
Sense of shame / contempt is – ‘Fie! Fie!’
Sense of sorrow is – ‘Alas!’

Hence,
The exclamatory will be – Bravo! You have done a great job.


Type 1: “Hurrah!” –

In case an assertive sentence starts with “It is a matter of joy that” or “It is joyful that”, replace it with ‘Hurrah!’ to make an exclamatory sentence.
 
Examples:
Assertive Exclamatory
It is a matter of joy that Dan has broken John’s record in the hammer. Hurrah! Dan has broken John’s record in the hammer.
It is a joyful that we got 35 medals. We got 35 medals! Hurrah!
It is a matter of joy that we won the Asia Cup. Hurrah! We won the Asia Cup.
It is a matter of joy that we’ve done it. We’ve won the Champions Trophy! Hurrah!
It is a matter of joy that finally I complete my homework. Hurrah! Finally I complete my homework.



Type 2: “Alas!” –

If an assertive sentence starts with “It is a matter regret that” or “It is extremely sad that” or “It is sad that”, replace it with ‘Alas!’ to make an exclamatory sentence.
 
Examples:
Assertive Exclamatory
It is a matter of sorrow that these people ate sleeping on the footpath. Alas! These people ate sleeping on the footpath.
It is sad that he is cheated by his friends. Alas! He is cheated by his friends.
It is a matter of regret that, she failed the exam. Alas! She failed the exam.
It is extremely sad that I couldn't realise it before. Alas! I couldn't to realise it before.



Type 3: “Bravo!” –

If an assertive sentence starts with “It is a matter of praise that” or “It is praiseworthy that”, replace it with ‘Bravo!’ to make an exclamatory sentence.
 
Examples:
 
Assertive Exclamatory
It is praiseworthy that you helped the poor children. Bravo! You helped the poor children.
It is a matter of praise that that’s a very good idea. Bravo! That’s a very good idea.
It is a matter of praise that only your hard work ushered in a new era theatre. Bravo! Only your hard work ushered in a new era theatre.
It is a matter of praise that you have done well. Bravo! Well done!



Type 4: “Fie!” –

If an assertive sentence starts with “It is a matter of shame that”, replace it with ‘Fie!’ to make it an exclamatory sentence.

Examples:
Assertive Exclamatory
It is a matter of shame that you are a liar. Fie! Fie! You are a liar.
It is a matter of contempt that she wets her bed. Fie! Fie! She wets her bed.
It is a matter of shame that his wife beats him. Fie! Fie! His wife beats him.
It is a matter of contempt that she backbites all the time. Fie! Fie! She backbites all the time.



Okay.
That's it.

Now you know Interchange of assertive and exclamatory sentences.

Tada!

Thank you...

Post a Comment

4 Comments

  1. It's a matter of praise that you have explained it so well.

    ReplyDelete
  2. It is a matter of joy that I learned transformation from you.

    ReplyDelete
  3. It is a matter of joy that good readers like you find my effort helpful.
    Thank you dear...
    Visit again 😊

    ReplyDelete

Leave a comment