Skip to main content

Noun and Case | Grammatical Case— Subjective Case or Nominative Case, Objective Case, Possessive Case.

 

Noun and Case | Grammatical Case

What is grammatical case?

Case is a form of a noun or a pronoun which shows the relation of that very noun or pronoun to other words in a sentence.


What are the Types of Grammatical Case:

There are three types of case of noun in English grammar —

  1. Nominative Case,
  2. Objective Case,
  3. Possessive Case.


#1. Nominative Case

Ehen a noun or a pronoun is used as the subject (or agent) of a sentence, it is in nominative case. 

E.g. –

(a) Peter plays hockey.

(b) We fly kites.

(c) The girl likes him.

(d) A boy was reading the book.

In the sentences (a), (b), (c), and (d), Peter, We, girl, and boy are the subjects of the verbs plays, fly, likes, reading respectively. These subjects are in nominative case. 

The nominative is actually the answer of “who?” and “what?”.


Types of Nominative Case:

There are two types of Nominative case – 

(i) Nominative of address and

(ii) Nominative absolute. 


(i) Nominative of Address –

This case is used while a person is addressed (called).

E.g. – 

Peter, come here.

– Here someone is calling a person named Peter.

Good morning sir.

– Here someone is addressing another one as sir and wishing good morning.   


(ii) Nominative Absolute –

It is a noun or a pronoun which is used before a participle and has no link with other part of the sentence. 

(Nominative absolute is used in joining of tow sentences denoting two consecutive actions by two different subjects.)

E.g. – 

The match being over, the spectators left the gallery.

The sun having risen, the soldiers began to march.


#2. Objective Case:

When a noun (or pronoun) is functioning as the object to a verb or a preposition, it is in objective case. 

E.g. –

(a) Peter plays hockey.

(b) We fly kites.

(c) The girl likes him.

(d) A boy was reading the book.

In the sentences (a), (b), (c), and (d), hockey, kites, him, book are the objects of plays, fly, likes, reading respectively. So, these are in objective case. 


Types of objects

(i) Direct Object or Accusative Case–

When a verb takes two objects, one of them is direct object and another is indirect object. Generally, the latter is the direct object and the former is the indirect object

E.g –

● He gave me a pen.

Here the later ‘pen’ = direct object and the former ‘me’ = indirect object.


● She told Jack the story.

Here the latter ‘story’ = direct object and the former ‘Jack’ = indirect object


List of Subjective Case and Objective Case of personal pronouns :–

Nominative/
Subjective Case
Objective Case 
I me
Weus 
You you 
He him 
She her 
They them 


Also read: Pronoun.



#3. Possessive Case:

Possessive case, also known as Genitive case, denotes relationship or owner of something. To form a possessive case, an apostrophe and an s (’s) are added to a noun.

Like, 

Boy => boy’s; girl => girl’s; John => John’s; Kate => Kate’s etc.

But, when the plural number of a noun ends in -s, only the apostrophe is used, not an -s.

E.g. – Teachers Day; Workers union; Students welfare etc.

We celebrate teachers' Day on 5th September.

The workers' union has called a strike.

Etc.


Thank you...



Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Active and Passive Voice of WH Questions | Rules to Change the Voice of WH Questions

Some of us have confusions with changing the voice of a WH question . Here are some rules to change the voice of a WH question easily. It may help you a lot. Before going ahead, make sure that you have read Farming Questions with WH words  and the basic rules to change the voice . Active and Passive Voice of WH Questions Change the Voice of a Question Starting in  Who   Active – Who plays football? (– in this sentence, who is used as the subject . And the answer of who will also be the subject of answer statement.)  Anyway, let's have a look at the - Steps to Turn an Active WH Question Starting in 'Who' into a Passive Voice :- Step 1 :  As usual, use the object of active as the subject of passive . Passive –  “ Football ...” Step 2 : Use a suitable be-verb after the passive subject . "Football is..." But, because it is an interrogative sentence , we have to use the be-verb before the passive subject . Passive –  “ Is football...”

How to Change the Narration of WH Questions with Examples | Direct and Indirect Speech Rules for WH Questions

There are two types of interrogative sentence – Yes-No questions and Wh questions . A Yes-No question can be answered simply with a ‘Yes’ or a ‘No’ while a WH question is to be answered with other word or words or a complete sentence (except ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ ). Here we’ll discuss what will be the indirect narration when the reported speech of a direct narration is a wh question . Read more: How to Change the Narration (basic level ) . Read more: How to frame wh questions . Narration Change of WH Questions Mainly  four  types of WH question are there, the structures are given below- Structures – #1:   WH + verb + object + ?   E.g.- Who did it? #2:   WH + helping verb + subject + verb + ?   E.g.-   What do you want? #3:   WH + helping verb + main verb + object + ?  E.g.- When did you make it? #4:   WH + noun + helping + subject + verb + ?  E.g.-  Which book do you want? *** At first please note that an  indirect speech  ( or narration ) is always an  Assertive Sentence

Use of Modal Auxiliary Verbs > can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might, must, used to, ought, dare, need.

Hope, you are good today. Here we are going to discuss Modal Auxiliary Verbs ,  which are- can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might, must, used to, aught, dare to, need... Modal Auxiliary Verb এর ব্যবহার     * Modal is the adjective of mode .    A modal verb is used in a sentence as an helping verb , to express someone's mood (ability, possibility, to take and give permissions etc). Use of a Modal Verb in a Sentence-  Affirmative - Subject + modal verb + main verb + object. Negative -   Subject +  modal verb  + not + main verb + object. Interrogative - Modal verb + subject + main verb + object. Examples:- 1. Can (পারা):   Can   -এর ব্যবহার: Can is used to express- O ne’s ability to do something:[কেউ কিছু করার ক্ষমতা রাখে,- এটা বোঝাতে can ব্যবহার করা হয়।] E.g.- I can do this. (আমি এটি করতে পারি।) They can win. (তারা জিততে পারে।) For negative sentences , use a ' not'  after 'can' . [ Negative sentence তৈরী করতে হলে can