Skip to main content

Posts

Change the Narration- Exercises (2)

This is the second part of the Narration-Change exercises. Hope you fond it helpful for your exam preparation. 
She said to me, “I like mango.”Rahul said to his sister, “I play chess.”I said, “He loves reading books.”John said to Paul, “You don’t listen to him.”Paul said to me, “I don’t understand the Arabic language.”She said to her sister, “He does not help me.”Daniel said to his friend, “I don’t know the answer.”Maroof said to his mother, “I am eating bread.”I said to him, “Do you play chess?”She asked me, “Does he know English language?”I said to  him, “I am writing a letter.”She said to her friend, “Are you smoking?”Sania said to me, “She is annoying me.”I said to her. “Are they inviting me in the party?”You said to her, “I am not going to join them.”She said to me, “Brother, you are not helping me as I expected.”I said to my friend, “I have seen you in the cafe.”My brother said to me, “Have you bought a sun-glass for me.”My mother said to me, “Have you eaten the breads?”I said to…

100+ Change the Narration- Exercises 1

Hope you have prepared well all the rules discussed previously. Now it's time to revise them and exercise. Here 75 Direct Narration are given, You only have to transform them into Indirect Narration.


I say, “I am an executive officer.”I say, “You are a smart boy.”I say, “The place is beautiful.”I say, “He was my senior at school.”We say, “We love our country.”You say, “We were the champions.”You say, “You cannot defeat us.”You say, “Mr. Moor teaches us Political Science.”She says, “I will clear the exam in my very first attempt.” She says, “I don’t know.”Ajay says, “He was a lunatic.”Ha says, “I was a cricketer.”I said, “Latif does nothing wrong.”I said, “You make me laugh.”I said, “I love you.”We said, “We shall overcome.”We said, “You are a cheat.”We said, “You are not allowed here.”You said, “I am a girl.”You said, “I collect coins.”You said, “Photography is my hobby.”He said, “Mr. Brown is an honest person.”Atif said, “There is a mice inside the box.”She said, “They are my fri…

Change the Narration (Advanced Level Rules)

After completing basic level of narration in previous four articles, here we are to learn the advanced level rules to change the narration. Reported speech starting with ‘Let’:Rule 1: If the reported speech starts with ‘Let us’ or ‘Let’s’:Direct –I said, “Let’s play chess.” [Turn it into indirect speech.]Now what to do???Let’s follow the steps below.Step I:As ‘Let’s’ or ‘Let us’ denotes a suggestion or a proposal, the reporting verb (say/says/said) will be replaced with -suggest/suggests/suggested or propose/proposes/proposed followed by a ‘that’.As, Indirect – I suggested that... 
Step II:Use ‘we’ or ‘they’ as the subject of the clause after the conjunction ‘that’ removing the word ‘let’.Use ‘we’ when the subject of the reporting verb is a first person,We can use either ‘we’ or ‘they’ if the subject of the reporting verb is a third person.As, Indirect – I suggested that we...Remember: Here in the direct narration (reported speech) ‘Let’s’ is used. And we all know, Let’s = let us. So …

How to Change the Narration of WH Questions with Examples

There are two types of interrogative sentence – Yes-No questions and Wh questions.
A Yes-No question can be answered simply with a ‘Yes’ or a ‘No’ while a WH question is to be answered with another word or words or a complete sentence (except ‘Yes’ or ‘No’).
Here we’ll discuss what will be the indirect narration if the reported speech of the direct narration is a wh question.
Read more: How to Change the Narration (basic level).
Read more:How to frame wh questions.
How to Change the Narration of WH Questions
Let’s see...
Mainly three or four types of question are there,
Structures –
Like,
(I) WH + verb + object + ? (Who did it?)
(II) WH + helping verb + subject + verb + object? (What do you want?)
(III) WH + noun + helping + subject + verb + object (Which book do you want?) Etc.


Now let’s see the structures:–

Structure 1: Direct – Subject + say, “WH + verb + object + ?
i) Replace say/says/said with ask/asks/asked or enquire/ enquires/enquired.
ii) Remove the inverted commas.
iii) Write the repo…

Change the Narration of Different Tenses from Direct to Indirect with Examples

We have confusions regarding the tense of sentences used in both the speeches. With this article we will clear them.



Change the Narration of Different Tenses:Direct Indirect Reporting Verb Reported Speech - Present tensePresent tensePresent (same) Past tensePresent (same) Future tenseFuture (same)
Rule 1: If the reporting verb is in present tense,
Direct –  Reporting verb is in present tense
Indirect – It will be in Present tense


If the reporting verb is in present tense,

Direct – ...say/says, “Present indefinite tense.”
Indirect – ... Present indefinite tense.
E.g. –
Direct – John says, “I don’t take drug.”
Indirect – John says that he doesn’t take drugs.

Direct – She has said to me, “You help me whenever I am in trouble.”
Indirect – She has told me I help her whenever she is in trouble.

Direct – I say to her, “Do you agree with me?”
Indirect – I ask het if/whether she agrees with me.

Direct – You say to me, “Don’t you read newspaper?”
Indirect – You ask me if I don’t read newspaper.


Direct – ...say/s…

Change the Narration of Different Sentences from Direct to Indirect

In this article we are going to discuss about how to change the narration of different sentences. Actually here we’ll see the reported speech of direct narration is different types of sentence. Whatever sentence the reported speech is, the indirect narration will be an assertive sentence.

Change the Narration of an Assertive Sentence: When the reported speech is an assertive sentence – Structure:  Direct – Subject + say/says/said, "Subject + verb + object." Indirect –  (1) Use 'that' removing the inverted commas. (2) Change the tense of the verb in reported speech according to reporting verb.
=> Subject + say/says/said + that + subject + verb + object.
E.g. – Direct – Rohit said to me, “I play football.” Indirect – Rohit told me that he played football.
Direct – Paul said to me, “You make me laugh.” Indirect – Paul told me that I made him laugh.
Change the Narration of an Imperative Sentence:  When the reported speech is an imperative sentence – There are three types of imp…

Change the Narration – Direct Narration and Indirect Narration (Basic Level)

What is narration? Narration is to give a description of an incident or event.
If I say –
1.He said, “I am a student.” And
2.He said that he was a student.
In both the ways I am giving descriptions of a person, i.e. I am narrating something about a person.
In the first speech, there is a quotation – “I am a student.” As it is quoted directly from someone’s speech, the whole statement is called Direct Narration.
Structure – Subject + reporting verb + , + “reported speech”. On the other hand, in the second speech, “He said that he was a student.” is reported indirectly by some other person after making necessary changes. This speech is called indirect speech.

In the exams we are asked to change the narration from direct to indirect.



Rules to Change the Narration from Direct to Indirect:

A General Rule:
Direct – Subject + reporting verb + , + “ Subject + verb + object”.
Indirect – Subject + reporting verb + that + Subject + verb + object.


In the indirect speech, the subject after ‘that’ chan…

Result of the WBCS Preliminary Examination 2020, Published on 16/09/2020

WBCS Preliminary Examination (2020) result published on 16th September, 2020. The examination was held on 9th February, 2020. After a gap of seven months, PSC declared the result today on their official website.

4690 candidates qualified for the written (main) examination, which is said to be held in December, 2020. It was a pdf file of 143 pages where the marks of the last qualified candidates (cut-off) are mentioned as—

Last qualified Unreserved candidate got – 127.0000Last qualified SC candidate got – 113.6667Last qualified ST candidate got – 98.3333Last qualified OBC–A candidate got – 119.0000Last qualified OBC–B candidate got – 122.0000Last qualified PH (LV) candidate got – 96.6667Last qualified PH (HI) candidate got – 90.0000Last qualified PH (LD&CP) candidate got – 107.0000

Undoubtedly, it is a huge cut-off, first time in the history of WBCS preliminary examination. Last year it was 105 for the UR aspirants. It may be because of the level of question paper, this time it was …

Tense and Time | Present Tense

You have words in your head but can not make a sentence with them? Tense and Time can solve your problems after you master this chapter.
     For a non-English-speaking person, this is the most important topic of learning English grammar. Many students, sometimes, in the examination hall, know the answers, but they can’t express them properly in papers only because they cannot make a proper sentence due to less knowledge of Tense and Time.
    On the other hand, we often need to share our thoughts and feelings in English on social media, on blog-post etc. and face the same problem. Tense and time tells us how to arrange words while writing or speaking English.


Tense Tense is actually the time of an action. In a sentence, only the action verb (or main verb) indicates the time of the action by its difference forms.
Tense can be divided into three categories.
Past tensePresent tense, Future tense.
Each tense can further be divided into four subcategories:
Indefinite, Continuous or progre…

Etymology of English Words | Words Related to 'Psyche'

In this article we are going to be awere with some word with same root i.e. 'Psyche'. Here are such psyche-related words -
Psychology, Psychological, psyche, psychic, psychopathic, psychopath, psychosomatic, psychoanalysis, psychoanalytic, psychogenic, psychotherapy, psychotherapist, psychotherapeutic.




Psyche : ‘Psyche’ (SĪ-ki / সাই-কি) is a Greek word meaning soul or spirit or mind. This word is a root of many English words such as –
[Psyche একটি গ্রীক শব্দ, যার অর্থ হল মন (mind) / আত্মা (soul) এই গ্রীক শব্দটি ইংরেজি শব্দভাণ্ডারে আসার পর এর সাথে suffix ও prefix যুক্ত হয়ে অনেক নতুন শব্দ সৃষ্টি করেছে।  যেমন –


Psychic :Psychic (SĪ-kik / সাই-কিক্) is the adjective for the noun psyche. The word psychic means something which is purely mental, not physical.
Like,
Psychic trauma = Mental wound or emotional wound. Not a physical wound.
He is now in a psychic trauma since he heard the news of his friends’ murder.
[Psychic হল psyche -এর adjective যা মানসিক কোনো ব্যপারকে বোঝায়, দৈহিক বস্তুকে…

Question Tag Rules with Examples for Competitive Exams

What is a Question Tag? Question tag is a feature of spoken language. The speaker uses a yes-no question with a statement to confirm his or her opinion from the audience.

E.g. –
I. You read newspaper, don’t you?
-In the sentence above, the first part “You read newspaper” – this part is a statement made by the speaker, while the second part “...don’t you?” – this part is used to confirm what is there in the statement. The second part is the Question Tag.


Structure of a Question Tag: Statement + , + auxiliary verb + n’t / not + subject + ?

Example:
You like her, don’t you?
Statement – You like her, (subject + verb + object)
Question tag – don’t you?  — here ‘do’ is the auxiliary verb (do+not=don't) and ‘you’ is the subject.


In examinations, the statements are given and we are asked to find out a suitable question tag from the options.
Like-
Choose a suitable question tag of the statement below –
She sends the mail, ........?
A.does she?
B.doesn’t she?
C.did she?
D.didn’t she?

What is the correc…