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Use of 's', 'es', 'ies' with a verb

When we make a sentence of present indefinite tense, we have to add a /s/ sound ('স' -ধ্বনি) to the end of the verb if the subject is a third person singular number
  • I read.
  • We read.
  • You read.
  • They read.
  • He reads.
  • She reads.
  • John reads.
  • Paul reads.

The /s/ sound is formed either with an '-s''-es' or '-ies'.  There are certain rules to put that /s/ sound there.
Let's see the s, es, ies rules -

Rules to Add -s, -es, -ies etc

Rule -1 : 

Generally we use only an '-s' at the end of a verb:

 [সাধারণত verb -এর সাথে '-s' যোগ করা হয়, যদি subject হয় 3rd person singular number. ]
 ex -
        Eat > eats.
        Read > reads.
        Swim > swims.
        Set > sets.
        Sleep > sleeps.
        Cut > cuts.
        Run > runs.
        Take > takes.
        Put > puts.
        Talk > talks.


I swim. The girl swims.
We take. She takes.
I run. He runs.
They cut. Rakesh cuts.

Rule 2 : 

Add '-es':

If  the verb ends with o, s, x, z, sh, ch, add '-es'.
 [s, x, z, sh, ch, দিয়ে verb শেষ হলে '-es' যোগ করতে হয়।]
        Mix > mixes,
        Pass > passes
        Toss > tosses,
        wash > washes,
        Smash > smashes
        Catch > catches,
        Teach > teaches.
        Do > does.
        Go > goes.


I mix. She mixes.
I do. The man does.
We samsh. He smashes.

Rule- 3 : 

Replace -y with -ies.

 If a verb ends with -y, then replace -y with -ies.
[যদি কোনো  verb -y দিয়ে শেষ হয়, তাহলে ওই -y টি উঠে গিয়ে -ies বসাতে হবে।]

 Study > studies -- উদাহরণে study -এর -'-y' টি উঠে গিয়ে '-ies' বসেছে ।

  • Cry > cries.
  • Marry > marries.
  • Carry > carries.


You carry. She carries.
You marry. She marries.
I cry. The child cries.

  If a verb ends with a '-y', but there is a vowel right before that, then we have to add an ‘-s’ simply without changing anything.
[ধরা যাক, কোনো verb -y দিয়ে শেষ হয়েছে, কিন্তু ওই -y টির ঠিক আগে যদি কোনো vowel থাকে, তাহলে সেক্ষেত্রে কোনো পরিবর্তন ছাড়াই শুধু একটি '-s' যোগ করতে হয়।]

  • Lay > lays.
  • Pay > pays.
  • Say > says.
  • Play > plays.


I pay. He pays.
We say. Rohan says.
We play. The boy plays.

Thank you...


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