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How to Frame Questions– 'Yes-No' and 'WH'

We probably know how to make sentence, that means we know writing answers. But it is also necessary to learn how to frame a question so that it becomes easier to find the meaning of a question.

How to frame questions- Yes-No and WH

Framing question is actually framing an Interrogative sentence. So here we are going to discuss the structure, use and examples of an Interrogative sentence.

How many types of question are there?

There can be two types of questions:
  • Yes-No question and
  • WH Question.
How to frame questions- Yes-No amd WH



Yes-No Questions

The questions which can be answered either with yes or with no.
Questions like
Do you play football?
• Have you written the letter?
• Can you give me a glass of water?
• Will you do it for me?
can be answered with either yes or no. As—

Q. Do you play football?
A. Yes, I do. Or, No, I don’t play football.

Q. can you give me a glass of water?
A. Yes, of course.

How to Frame Yes-No Questions? 

Structure:
Auxiliary verb + subject + verb(base form) + object + ?

Example:
Q. Do you see a tiger coming?
A. Yes I do. / No, I don't see.

Q. Can you score three goals?
A. Yes we can. / No we can not.

Framing Yes-No questions tense wise –


Present indefinite tense: 
Structure:
Do/does + subject + verb (basic form) + object + others.

E.g.-
Do I write a letter?
Do we need permissions from the authority?
Does it work properly?
Does he write a letter?
[verb এর পরে '-s' যোগ করার আর দরকার নেই কারণ do -এর সঙ্গে '-es' যোগ করে does করেছি আগেই।]

Use a 'not'after do/does to make a negative of the interrogative.

E.g.-
Do not I write a letter?
Does not he write a letter?
Do not they gamble?



Present continuous tense:

Structure:
Be verb + subject + (main verb +ing) + object.

E.g.-
Are you reading the news paper?
Am I chasing you?

For negative use a not after the be verb- 
Be verb + not + subject + (main verb +ing) + object.


E.g.-
Is not she reading the news paper?
Aren't you getting my point?
Is David not fighting with Dean?



Present perfect tense: 

Structure:
Has/have + subject + third form of the main verb + object + others.

Ex-
Has Alexa said the words?
Have you seen her before?
Has she opened the window?

Use a not just after the have verb (have/has).
Subject + has/have + not +  third form of the main verb + object + others.
Ex- 
Has not Alexa said that words.
Hasn't she submitted the project in time?


Present perfect continuous tense:

The have/has is placed at the beginning of the sentence.

Ex-
 Has he been living there for three months?
Have you been taking tea since last Monday?

Use a not after has to make it negative.

Ex-
Have not you been living there for three months?
Has not John been talking since 5 o’clock?
Have not you been cheating me for three years?


WH Questions

At first we have to remember some wh pronouns like what, who, whom, why, how, where etc.
The answer of a WH question is a complete sentence and not a yes or a no.
E.g.-
 “What is your name?” you cannot answer the question by saying 'yes' or 'no', rather a complete sentence is required to answer it. As—

Q. What is your name?
A. My name is Polash.

Q. When do you read story-books?
A. I read story books in my leisure time.


Some WH pronouns and their uses-

Who –
Who is used in a question to ask something about a person or persons.
Who is your English teacher?
Who has broken the glass?

What –
It is used to ask about a thing or things.
What does he do?

Which –
It is used in a question to ask about anything out if many others.
Which is your favourite book?

Whose –
It is used in a question to ask about relationship, the owner of any object or animal.
Whose book has been lost?
Whose cycle is this?
Whose brother is he?

When –
It is used in a question to ask about time.
When did he come?
When is your brother visiting the book fair.

Where –
It is used in a question to ask about place.
Where does he live?
Where is your uncle going?

Why –
It is used in a question to know the reason behind anything.
Why don’t you look at me?
Why did you laugh?

How – 
It is used in a question to know the way of doing something or to ask about someone's health.
How did you come to know?
How have you solve the problem?
How are you?
How is your father now?

How much –
It is used in a question to quantity of an uncountable noun.
How much money does a man need to lead a decent life.

How many –
It is used in a question to ask about the quantity of a countable noun.
How many people are required for this project.


How to Frame Questions Using WH Words?


Types of WH-question –


Type 1:–

Structure:
Wh word + be verb + subject + ?

Examples:
Who is that girl? [ওই মেয়েটি কে?]
Who were those boys? [ওই ছেলেগুলো কারা ছিল?]
What is your name?
Which is your book?
Where is my pen?
How is your mother?

Here are some affirmative examples and negative examples :
Affirmative Examples Negative Examples
What is your name?
Which is your book?
Where is my pen?
How is your mother?
What is not your name?
Which is not your camera?
Where is your cycle?


Type 2:–

Structure:
Wh + helping verb + subject + main verb + ?

Examples:
What does he do?
Whom do you love?
Where did you live in?
Why have you taken the jewelleries?
When did he come here?

Affirmative Examples Negative Examples
What does he eat?
Whom do you love?
Where did you live in?
Why have you taken the jewelleries?
When did he come here?
What does not he eat?
Whom does not you love?
Where did not she live in?
Why haven’t you taken the jewelleries?
When didn’t he come here?



Type 3:–

Structure:
Wh word used as subject + verb + object / others /compliment + ?
Who did it?
Who likes mango?
What has made you so lazy?
Affirmative Examples Negative Examples
Who did it?
Who plays guitar?
Who play guitar?
What makes you cry?
What happened to you?
Who did not do it?
Who does not play guitar?
Who do not play guitar?
What doesn’t make you cry?
What didn’t happen to you?


Framing questions tense wise using WH:

Present indefinite tense: 
Statement – He plays cricket in the afternoon.
Question – Who plays cricket in the afternoon?
Question – What does he play in the afternoon?
Question – When does he play cricket?
Question – What does he do in the afternoon?

Present continuous tense: 
Statement – He is playing cricket in the afternoon.
Question – Who is playing cricket in the afternoon?
Question – What is he playing in the afternoon?
Question – When is he playing cricket?
Question – What is he doing in the afternoon?

Present perfect tense: 
Statement – They have taken tea at evening.
Question – Who have taken tea at evening?
Question – What have they taken at evening?
Question – When have they taken tea?
Question – What have they done at evening?

Present perfect continuous tense:
Statement – I have been reading Geography for three hours.
Question – Who have been reading for three hours?
Question – What have I been reading for three hours?
Question – For how much time have I been reading Geography?
Question – What have I been doing for three hours?


Past indefinite tense:
Statement – They took tea at evening.
Question – Who took tea at evening?
Question – What did they take at evening?
Question – When did they take tea?
Question – What did they do at evening?


Past continuous tense:
Statement – He was playing cricket in the afternoon.
Question – Who was playing cricket in the afternoon?
Question – What was he playing in the afternoon?
Question – When was he playing cricket?
Question – What was he doing in the afternoon?


Past perfect tense:
Statement – They had taken tea before the meeting started.
Question – Who had taken tea before the meeting started?
Question – What had they taken before the meeting started?
Question – When had they taken tea?
Question – What had they done before the meeting started?


Past perfect progressive:
Statement – I had been reading Geography for three hours.
Question – Who had been reading for three hours?
Question – What had I been reading for three hours?
Question – For how much time had I been reading Geography?
Question – What had I been doing for three hours?


Future indefinite tense:
Statement – We shall celebrate Independence Day on 15th August.
Question – Who will celebrate Independence Day on 15th August?
Question – What shall we celebrate on 15th August?
Question – On which day shall we celebrate Independence Day?
Question – What shall we do on 15th August?

Future continuous tense: 
Statement – He will be playing cricket in the afternoon.
Question – Who will be playing cricket in the afternoon?
Question – What will be he playing in the afternoon?
Question – When will be he playing cricket?
Question – What will be he doing in the afternoon?




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