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Grammatical Gender | Masculine and Feminine Gender list of Human Beings and Animals

A noun denotes the name of a person or animal or a thing, at the same time it also denotes the gender of the same.
The words ‘man’ and ‘woman’ are common nouns, which denotes the names of persons. At the same time these nouns also indicate their gender.
The noun ‘man’ indicates to a person who has some masculine qualities and so it belongs to masculine gender. On the other hand, the noun ‘woman’ indicates to a person who has some feminine qualities, so, it belongs to feminine gender.

Noun and the Gender

Up to this this point we have learnt two types of gender —
I. Masculine gender and
II. Feminine gender.
Apart from these two, there are tow more kinds —
III. Common gender and,
IV. Neuter gender.

I. Masculine Gender:

The nouns which denote male sex.
Like – Man, boy, uncle, actor etc.

II. Feminine Gender:

The nouns which denote female sex.
Like – Woman, girl, aunt, actress etc.

III. Common Gender:

The nouns which denote a living thing but does not specify the sex of the thing.
Like – Teacher, student, child etc.

IV. Neuter Gender:

The nouns which denote a non-loving thing.
Like – Book, pen, chair, table etc.

For competitive exams we need to know only about the first two types of genderMasculine gender and Feminine gender.

Also read: Noun and the Number.

List of Masculine Gender and Feminine Gender of Human Beings:

 Masculine gender  Feminine gender
 Man  Woman
 Boy  Girl
 Son  Daughter
 Father  Mother
 Brother  Sister
 Nephew  Niece
 Uncle  Aunt
 Maternal uncle  Maternal aunt
 Gentleman  Lady
 Brother-in-law  Sister-in-law
 Son-in-law  Daughter-in-law
 Grandfather  Grandmother
 Maternal grandfather   Maternal grandmother.  
 Step-father  Step-mother
 Step-son  Step-daughter
 Step-brother  Step-sister
 Sir  Madam
 Bachelor  Maid / spinster
 Lover  Beloved
 Bridegroom  Bride
 Widower  Widow
 God  Goddess
 Lad  Lass
 Lord  Lady
 Land-lord  Land-lady
 Master  Mistress
 Earl  Countess
 King  Queen
 Prince  Princess
 Emperor  Empress
 Duke  Duchess
 Czar  Czarina
 Sultan  Sultana
 Baron  Baroness
 Marquis  Marchioness
 Count  Countess
 Viceroy  Vicereine
 Monk  Nun
 Friar  Nun
 Votary  Votaress
 Priest  Priestess
 Prophet  Prophetess
 Author  Authoress
 Poet  Poetess
 Hero  Heroine
 Actor  Actress
 Director  Directress
 Shepherd  Shepherdess
 Schoolmaster Schoolmistress
 Milk-man  Milk-maid
 Dairy-man  Dairy-maid
 Man-servant  Maid-servant
 Washerman  Washerwoman
 Oilman  Oil-woman
 Boat-man  Boat-woman
 Salesman  Salesgirl
 Beggarman  Beggarwoman
 Abbot  Abbess
 Jackass  Jenny-ass
 Host  Hostess
 Manager  Manageress
 Mayor  Mayoress
 Patron  Patroness
 Hunter  Huntress
 Hunter  Huntress
 Traitor  Traitress
 Murderer  Murderess
 Tempter  Temptress
 Preceptor  Preceptress
 Administrator  Administratrix
 Executor  Executrix
 Prosecutor  Prosecutrix
 Testator  Testatrix
 Conductor  Conductress
 Founder  Foundress
 Instructor  Instructress
 Inspector  Inspectress
 Waiter  Waitress
 Chairman  Chairperson
 Spokesman  Spokesperson
 Ambassador  Ambassadress
 Governor  Governess

List of Masculine Gender and Feminine Gender of Animals:

  Masculine gender    Feminine gender 
 Cock   Hen
 Peacock  Peahen
 Cock-sparrow   Hen-sparrow 
 Gander  Goose
 Drake  Duck
 Dog  BBitch
 Ox  Cow
 Bull  Cow
 Bullock  Heifer
 He-goat  She-goat
He-cat  She-cat
He-rat  She-rat
He-squirrel  She-squirrel
He-sheep  She-sheep
He-mouse  She-mouse
He-mole  She-mole
He-mule  She-mule
He-hare  She-hare
He-pony  She-pony
He-camel  She-camel
He-bear   She-bear
He-monkey  She-monkey
He-chimpanzee   She-chimpanzee 
He-ape  She-ape
He-goat  She-goat
He-goat  She-goat
Fox  Vixen
Horse  Mare
Stallion  Mare
Colt  Filly
Ram  Ewe
Buck Doe
Stag Hind
Hart Roe
Bull-calf Cow-calf
Bull-elephant  Cow-elephant 
Tom-cat Tabby-cat
Billy-goat Nanny-goat
Swain Nymph
Lion Lioness
Tiger Tigress
Leopard Leopardess
Drone Bee
Merman Mermaid


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