Skip to main content

Question Tag Rules with Examples for Competitive Exams


What is a Question Tag?

Question tag is a feature of spoken language. The speaker uses a yes-no question with a statement to confirm his or her opinion from the audience.

E.g. –
I. You read newspaper, don’t you?
-In the sentence above, the first part “You read newspaper” – this part is a statement made by the speaker, while the second part “...don’t you?” – this part is used to confirm what is there in the statement. The second part is the Question Tag.

Question Tag rules with examples

Structure of a Question Tag: 

Statement + , + auxiliary verb + n’t / not + subject + ?

Example:
You like her, don’t you?
Statement – You like her, (subject + verb + object)
Question tag – don’t you?  — here ‘do’ is the auxiliary verb (do+not=don't) and ‘you’ is the subject.


In examinations, the statements are given and we are asked to find out a suitable question tag from the options.
Like-
Choose a suitable question tag of the statement below –
She sends the mail, ........?
A. does she?
B. doesn’t she?
C. did she?
D. didn’t she?

What is the correct option?
Let’s find the correct option.


Question Tag Rules with Example: 


Rule 1:

If the statement is affirmative, the question tag is negative. And,
If the statement is negative, the question tag will be affirmative.

As the statement “She sends the mail”, which is an affirmative, the question will be a negative one.
So, here it is either option B. or option D.


Rule 2:

Usually, the tense of the statement and the tense of the question tag is the same.

The statement “She sends the mail” is in present indefinite tense. Here we see that option B (“Doesn’t she?”) is in present indefinite tense and option D is not. So, option B will be the correct answer in this case.
She sends the mail, doesn’t she?


Rule 3:

If the statement is an affirmative imperative sentence, the question tag will be in future indefinite tense.
– that is will or won’t + you (the subject of the statement).
— We know that the subject of an imperative sentence is generally 'you' which is not written but understood.
Here, the statement is an imperative one, we use 'you' as the subject of the question tag.
In this case the question tag used in both sentence – negative and positive, both are correct, whatever the statement is.
Like, 
• Go home, will you? (Correct)
• Go home, won’t you? (Correct)
• Respect your teachers, will you? (Correct)
• Respect your teachers, won’t you? (Correct)
• Please allow me to enter the room, will you? (Correct)
• Please allow me to enter the room, won’t you? (Correct)


Rule 4

The question tag of a negative imperative sentence is always affirmative.

E.g. -
• Don’t touch the electric wire, will you? (Correct)
• Don’t touch the electric wire, won’t you? (Incorrect)
• Don’t waste your time playing video games, will you? (Correct)
• Don’t waste your time playing video games, won’t you? (Incorrect)


Rule 5:

If an imperative sentence starts with Let (Like– Let me, Let her, Let him, Let them, Let John.), question tag “will you?” is used.

E.g. –
• Let me complete my point, will you?
• Let them fight for their rights, will you?
• Let her drive the car, will you?
• Let John finish his lunch, will you?


Rule 6:

If an imperative sentence starts with Let us or Let’s (Let's = Let+us), then the question tag is “shall we?”

E.g. –
• Let us finish the match, shall we?
• Let’s go, shall we? 
• Let’s defeat them, shall we?


Rule 7:

If the statement starts with negative words like no one, nobody, then the question tag is – helping verb + they + ?
And if it starts with nothing, the question tag will be – helping verb + it + ?.
E.g. –
No one helps me, do they?
Nobody knows you, do they?
Nothing is immortal, is it?


Rule 8:

If a statement includes words like little, few, scarcely, hardly, rarely, barely, seldom have negative tones. Hence, the question tag is positive/affirmative. 
Like,
He talked little about his past – this statement suggests that he (the subject) does not talk much about his past. So it has a negative meaning and the question tag will be affirmative – that is “..., did he?”

E.g. –
He talked little about his past, did he?
Few people know me, do they?
They scarcely come out of there house, do they?
We hardly ride bicycle, do we?
Seldom do I visit my relatives, do I?
He can barely read without the spectacles, can he?



Rules to Select the Subject of a Question Tag:


Rule 1:

If the subject of the statement is a personal pronoun, such as – I, we, you, he, she, they, it, the subject of the question tag is the same personal pronouns.
E.g. –
I play football, don’t I?
You don’t know his name, do you?
She is my sister, isn’t she?
It is raining, isn’t it?



Rule 2:

If the subject of the statement is a proper noun or common noun, the subject of the question tag is a personal pronoun according to the number, person and gender of the proper noun and common noun.
E.g. –
Harry is a liar, isn’t he?
Mrs. Brown is a charming lady, isn’t she?
Thomas and Harry have done it, haven’t they?
The boy was swimming, wasn’t he?
The girl took the picture, didn’t she?


Rule 3:

When the subject of the statement is a indefinite pronoun as– Someone, everyone, no one, some body, everybody, nobody, anybody, anyone, then the subject of the question tag is ‘they’.

Remember: All those pronouns are singular in meaning, so, they are followed by a singular verb (is, was, has, does etc.). But, the pronoun ‘they’ is a plural subject, hence a plural verb (are, were, have, do etc.) is used with it.
E.g. –
Everybody knows it, don’t they?
Everyone was present there, weren’t they?
Anybody can frighten him, can’t they
Nobody can defeat her, can they?
Someone has received the call, haven’t they?


Rule 4:

If the subject of the statement is everything, anything, nothing etc. the subject of the question tag is ‘it’.
E.g. –
Nothing is permanent, is it?
Anything can happen, can’t it?
Everything is temporary, isn’t it?




Thank you...





Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Use of Modal Auxiliary Verbs > can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might, must, used to, ought, dare, need.

Hope, you are good today. Here we are going to discuss Modal Auxiliary Verbs, which are-
can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might, must, used to, aught, dare to, need...

Modal Auxiliary Verbs

   *Modal is the adjective of mode.

   A modal auxiliary verb is used in a sentence, to express someone's mood (ability, possibility, to take and give permissions etc).
Examples:-



1.Can (পারা):Can-এর ব্যবহার:

Can is used to express-


One’s ability to do something:
[কেউ কিছু করার ক্ষমতা রাখে,- এটা বোঝাতে can ব্যবহার করা হয়।]
Ex-
I can do this. (আমি এটি করতে পারি।)
They can win. (তারা জিততে পারে।)

For negative sentences, use a 'not' after 'can'.
[Negative sentence তৈরী করতে হলে can-এর পর not ব্যবহার করতে হয়।]
Ex-
You cannot overcome. (তুমি/তোমরা জয় করতে পারবে না।)
Ram can not drive. (রাম গাড়ি চালাতে পারে না।) etc.


Can is also used to take permission:
[অনুমতি নেওয়ার সময় can ব্যবহার করা হয়।]
Ex-
Can I do this? (আমি কি এটা করতে পারি?)

Read more: Tense and time.
Read more: Differ…

Tense and Time | Future Tense

You have words in your head but can not make a sentence with them? Tense and Time can solve your problems after you master this chapter.
     For a non-English-speaking person, this is the most important topic of learning English grammar. Many students, sometimes, in the examination hall, know the answers, but they can’t express them properly in papers only because they cannot make a proper sentence due to less knowledge of Tense and Time.
    On the other hand, we often need to share our thoughts and feelings in English on social media, on blog-post etc. and face the same problem. Tense and time tells us how to arrange words while writing or speaking English.
Tense Tense is actually the time of an action. In a sentence, only the action verb (or main verb) indicates the time of the action by its difference forms.
Tense can be divided into three categories.
Past tensePresent tense,Future tense. Each tense can further be divided into four subcategories:
Indefinite, Continuous or progres…

Different Verb Forms | Know About the Verb Forms V1, V2, V3, V4, V5.

For composing a sentence of different tenses, we have to have the knowledge of different forms of a verb as - base form and other (verb forms- v1 v2 v3 v4 v5).
Different Verb Forms
Regular Verb Forms: Add a '-d' or an '-ed' for the second form and third form. Base form
(1st form)Past form
(2nd form)Past participle 
form
(3rd form)Add
'-s’/ ‘-es’ Add
‘-ing’ Play 
(খেলা)PlayedPlayedPlaysPlayingStart 
(শুরু করা)StartedStartedStartsStartingSay (বলা)SaidSaidSaysSayingJump
(লাফানো)JumpedJumpedJumpsJumpingDance
(নৃত্য করা)DancedDancedDancesDancingAct
(অভিনয় করা)ActedActedActsActingOpen
(খোলা)OpenedOpenedOpensOpeningLove
(ভালোবাসা)LovedLovedLovesLovingLock
(বন্ধ করা)LockedLockedLocksLockingSpot
(চিহ্নিত করা)SpottedSpottedSpotsSpottingLaugh